The blessed month of Ramadan is about sacrifice, patience, and discipline.

On a personal level, Muslims everywhere abstain from food, drinks, and other material acts from sunrise as they exercise self-discipline, restraint, and humility.

This way one can achieve taqwa, or enlightenment through obedience to Allah.

The holy month of Ramadan is the 9th month of the Islamic calendar.

It is the month in which the Holy Quran was revealed as guidance for all mankind for the very first time.

Ramadan is about sacrifice, patience, and discipline.

It is a key time for the Muslim Ummah to show unity and come to the aid of those who need assistance.

There are tens of millions of Muslims around the world in dire need of some of life’s most basic necessities, such as food, water, clothing, and shelter.

As citizen of humanity it’s our moral and ethical responsibility to come to their aid.

Ramadan is the season of giving, and there are several ways you can donate during Ramadan.

1. Zakat

Before the Eid al-Fitr prayer which is at the end of Ramadan, every adult Muslim who possesses food in excess of their needs must pay zakat al-Fitr (fitrana).

The head of the household can also pay zakat al-Fitr for their dependants such as children, servants and any dependent relatives.

Zakat al-Fitr should be paid during Ramadan or before Eid al-Fitr prayers at the latest, so that the poor can enjoy the day of Eid as well.

The minimum amount to be given is the equivalent of 2kg of wheat flour, rice or other staple food per household member.

This includes dependants even if they do not live in the same house.

Approximately RM25-50 per head is a safe estimated amount.

2. Kaffara

This is the religious donation of money or food made to help those people who are in need of support.

Kaffara is usually made for any fasts that are missed unnecessarily.

For example, if someone misses or breaks a fast in the month of Ramadan without a valid reason, kaffara is made to make up for this.

3. Waqf

Waqf, which is Arabic for endowment. It is a special kind of perpetual philanthropic deed.

Waqf involves donating a fixed asset which can produce a financial return or provide any other benefit to underprivileged people or communities.

The revenue or benefit generated then serves specific categories of beneficiaries.

Muslims who give waqf tend to donate buildings, land or cash with no intention of ever reclaiming the value gained from these assets.

A charitable trust may hold the donated assets in the time being.

One of waqf’s fundamental principles is that the asset should remain whole.

For example, communities may use a field given as waqf in a way that is beneficial – such as by producing crops.

The land itself is left intact, and so it can continue to help the community for generations to come.

For loan portfolios, the loans must be recovered in full and loss-equalising reserves created.

During Ramadan, both the act of fasting and the act of donating to charity are obligatory for Muslims who are able to do so.

Fasting from sunrise to sunset is signifies a spiritual cleansing and an effort to seek closeness to God.

Many Muslims support charities around the world and in their local communities throughout Ramadan.

Donations to charity during Ramadan are usually for those stricken by poverty and hunger.

In celebration of Ramadan, you can consider donating to one of the charities that either work predominantly in countries with large Muslim populations or strive towards the alleviation of hunger.

Volunteering and charitable giving are highly encouraged during Ramadan.

So what can YOU do for Ramadan?

You can support a charity by making a donation or volunteering.

Donate to charity during Ramadan and help people around the world – especially refugees – who may not have the means to feed their families.

During Ramadan, you are in a position to help ease someone’s suffering by donating to a charity.

If you’d like to make a donation, please visit​ to charity projects around the world during Ramadan.